Philippine Statistics Authority
SOUTHERN LEYTE PROVINCIAL STATISTICAL OFFICE
EUTEMIO A. LLEVADO, JR.
Chief Statistical Specialist
Latest in PSA Southern Leyte
PSA Data Archive
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Province of Southern Leyte
Southern Leyte is one of the six provinces comprising Region 8 (Eastern Visayas). It used to be part of Leyte Province. On May 22, 1959, Republic Act No. 2227 divided Leyte Province into the present Leyte and Southern Leyte.
The province originally consists of 16 municipalities and 349 barangays. It was composed of four islands namely: Panaon Island, Limasawa Island, San Pedro Island and San Pablo Island. After its inauguration, three more municipalities were created, namely: San Ricardo from Pintuyan, Tomas Oppus from Malitbog and Limasawa from Padre Burgos. Limasawa, an island municipality to the south is believed to be the site of the first Christian mass and the birthplace of Christendom in the Philippines, when Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese navigator and explorer landed on March 28, 1521. Currently, the province is subdivided into 18 municipalities and one city which is Maasin converted as such in 2000. Maasin City is also the capital of the province. Southern Leyte was ranked as the second least populated area in the region with only 421,750 inhabitants as of the 2015 Census of Population.
Generally, rice and corn are the staple food of the province. Mountain living folks, however, prefer root crops which is abundant in the place. Ethnicity of the province is widely Bisaya and most people are farmers and fishermen. Southern Leyte has contributed to the economic development of the country by an inter-island transportation system, with ferries transporting people and goods between Liloan and Surigao del Norte in Mindanao. The province is well known for its quality abaca products and the country's major producer of abaca fiber.